In the midst of Polish-Ukrainian controversy over the “Volyn massacre” Ukrainian historians posted to the Internet 380 documents about armed stand-off between Polish and Ukrainian nationalists in 1942 – 1947 happening on the territory of present-day Western Ukraine and Eastern Poland.
“Historians made public 380 documents on Polish-Ukrainian relations of 1942 – 1947. Cruelty of mutual confrontation, attempts to negotiate between shadowy groups of the two peoples and even cooperation – everything is reflected in Ukrainian sources” – the message of the Institute of National Memory.
Many documents originate from the declassified KGB archives and are now on the web-site of Electronic Archive of Ukrainian Liberation Movement. A lare block of the documents come from the archive of Mykola Lebid, one of the leaders of Ukrainian liberalization movement. This archive was considered to be lost during many years, until it was passed to the Liberalization Movement Research Center. Another its part is stored in Harvard University.
On July 7, Polish Senate adopted the Resolution about recognizing July 11 a National Day of Memory for genocide victims from Ukrainian nationalists against the citizens of the 2nd Polish Republic (1918 – 1945), the so-called “Volyn massacre”. The law will come into its force after passing the voting in the lower chamber –Sejm and after being signed by the President.
On Monday, July 11 Borys Tarasyuk, the deputy head of foreign affairs committee of the Verkhovna Rada announced that the MP are going to file a statement on the resolutions to the Verkhovna Rada.
According to Polish party, mass killings were conducted in 1939–1945 by the supporters of Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists (OUN) and the Ukrainian Insurgent Army (UPA) against the Poles of Volyn, Western Galicia and South-Eastern provinces of the 2nd Polish Republic. The Volyn massacre of July 11, 1943 is considered a culminating point of those events – this day Ukrainian nationalists simultaneously attacked about 150 villages.
Polish scientists qualify “Volyn massacre” as a genocide and ethnic cleaning, claiming about 100 – 130 thousand of deceased.
Ukrainian researches qualify these events to result from the war of UPA with Polish army - Armia Krajowa, which involved peaceful civilian population of the regions. Ukrainian losses are estimated as 10 – 20 thousand people.