Does Ukraine need renewable energy? (Part 1)
National Action Plan for renewable energy to replace more than 10 billion cubic meters of gas
Read the original text at Economichna Pravda.
Inexpensive and clean energy - is one of 17 global sustainable development goals adopted at the UN summit in September 2015.
To achieve this goal, the country should increase the share of renewable energy sources and to double the global rate of energy efficiency.
Obviously, the development of renewable energy is a global goal.
November 30, 2015, world leaders opened an international environmental summit in Paris with the promise to make every effort to stop global warming. As part of this conference adopted a new global climate treaty.
This decision was supported by 192 countries. The new global environmental goal is to prevent the rise in average temperatures more than 2 degrees.
However, even these measures will not help to prevent threats to the existence of a number of countries, first of all, island states. Therefore, countries also agreed to make every effort to prevent increase of temperature for 1.5 degrees.
To this end, the Governments prepared the expected national contributions, a new climate agreement, plans to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Ukraine has set it at the level no more than 60% from the 1990 base year.
The new global climate treaty replaced the Kyoto Protocol.
The founder of Microsoft, Bill Gates announced during the UN conference on creating the world's largest fund research and development of clean energy.
The fund was named Breakthrough Energy Coalition. It aims to encourage the involvement of private sector investment in the development of renewable energy projects.
The initiative of Gates was joined by other heads of large companies in particular - founder of Facebook, Mark Zuckerberg, head of Amazon Jeff Bezos, the founder of Virgin corporation Richard Branson, owner of Alibaba Group.
International obligations of Ukraine
By signing the Association Agreement with the EU, Ukraine pledged to meet European standards from renewable energy sources.
In accordance with the requirements of Directive on the promotion of renewable energy and Association Agreement between Ukraine and the EU was approved by the National Action Plan for renewable energy by 2020. It predicts that the share of energy from renewables by 2020 will reach 11%.
Implementation of this plan will replace more than 10 billion cubic meters of gas.
The largest producers of "green" electricity in the world are seven countries: China, USA, Germany, Italy, Spain, Japan, and India. Their total capacity is 71.5% of the world - 470 GW - excluding hydropower.
Renewable sources provide about 19% of final energy consumption in the world. In particular, traditional biomass - 9%, current RES - 10%.
Average planned 2020 rate share of RES in gross final energy consumption of the EU is 20%. By the way, in 2013 it was 13%. Some countries, such as Sweden reached its goal yet in 2013. Close to achieve planned goals are Denmark, Austria, and the Baltic countries.
However, the most populous countries - China and India - have reached 13% production of electricity from renewable sources.
Ambition 100% Renewables
There are countries that show an example of the attitude to the future of the planet. Iceland and Costa Rica almost completely self-sufficient renewable energy.
Denmark sets an ambitious goal: electricity and heat - 100% from renewable sources in 2035 and 100% in all sectors - from 2050. No less serious approach has Scotland – 100% electricity from RES by 2020 and 30% of the total energy needs.
In the U.S., three cities - Aspen, Burlington and Vermont - has completely shifted to renewable energy. One of the Austrian regions is also independent in terms of energy. All energy there is produced domestically. In addition, it is mainly generated from biomass, solar energy, and wind.
World famous brands also are switching to renewable energy - IKEA, Johnson & Johnson, Nike, Procter & Gamble, Starbucks, Voya Financial and Walmart, Google, Apple, Microsoft, Facebook, Virgin Group, RWE, E.ON.
They aim to provide electricity exclusively from renewable sources in all its sectors.
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