Commissioner for Human Rights of the Council of Europe Nils Muižnieks presented a report, in which he unveiled the sorowful data of the Donbas conflict, which erupted in the eastern regions of the country in April 2014.
"At least 8,050 people, the majority of them civilians, have lost their lives in the conflict since April 2014, including at least 68 children. At least 17,811 persons were injured as a result of hostilities, including at least 186 children," as said by Commissioner Muižnieks.
It is estimated that 5 million people affected by the conflict are in need of assistance. Around 2 million of them, who live in the areas adjacent to the contact line between the government forces and armed groups including in the buffer zone, are in the most vulnerable situation. Many of them receive limited if any assistance from humanitarian organisations, since access to these individuals is hampered by security concerns and access-related administrative obstacles. An additional 2 million persons who live in non-government controlled areas (NGCAs) experience difficulties owing to a lack of social welfare payments and livelihood opportunities, and a non-functioning banking system. Many of the 1.4 million displaced persons are also in need of assistance. This applies in particular to older people, persons with disabilities, single mothers and families with many children.
Access to clean water is a pressing issue for up to 1.3 million people. Military activities have resulted in extensive damage to infrastructure, including medical facilities, schools and kindergartens. After the disruption of regular medical supplies to conflict-affected areas, the medical institutions and affected population have become increasingly dependent on the aid provided by humanitarian organisations and other actors.
More than 150 healthcare facilities have been partly or completely destroyed in the conflict-affected areas as a result of indiscriminate shelling. Up to 143,000 people will be at a much higher risk of developing severe complications due to cardiovascular disease, high blood pressure, stroke and heart attack, possibly leading to premature death. There have also been reports of up to 400 deaths of diabetes patients due to a lack of necessary drugs and treatment.