Read the original text at nv.ua.
A typical situation for our country: no one cares about some macroeconomic issues, while at the microeconomic level they seem to be poignant. It is about Ukraine’s labor market. What do all those state strategists think about? The economy and employers hardly survive without skilled workers and strict understanding of the situation.
When a country has a strategy for economic development, we might know which occupations are required to objectivate it. This means that key professions have priority, they are strongly promoted in the society.
Today Ukraine has faced the lack of workers in specialized and technical professions. Number of people who want to be "white collar" workers (typical managerial professions) grows steadily. But do we need so many managers, if there are no employees who create the product itself?
We do not have any development strategies; we do not involve some smart teams to implement them. It turns out that employees have to think how to make the young generation change the professional attitudes.
Oddly, but children after the school do not choose their profession, rather their parents do it for them. It seems that the children are afraid to take responsibility for the chosen path.
The labor market is always directly linked to the development of priority sectors of the economy. Today is the turning point; Ukraine moves away from the raw orientation. This process was majorly provoked by closing of CIS markets and signing FTA with the EU. It would affect the labor market demand. Thus, in the next few years, our country would develop sectors with high added value. For example, processing of raw materials. So we would need more automation engineers, who are in deficit now.
Another global trend is the development of the agricultural sector. So, after five years, there would be a revolution in the labor market – from the ordinary agronomist to the specialists in genetic engineering. IT direction is also important, the demand for IT specialists would grow.
Despite the high salaries, people do not tend to master the blue-collar professions. We should raise their prestige. Moreover, these professions are becoming more automatic, as numerous IT elements are used.
Today there are more than 5.4 thousand occupations. Higher educational institutions train specialists in 340 professions. More than 500 new occupations appear annually. Career guidance helps to determine the professional skills of the person and her occupation. Who helps Ukrainian pupils and graduates to choose the right occupation?
Choosing the right profession is a real problem for the school leavers, their parents, and the employers who are willing to actively join the process, but no one invites them to the schools. Where is our system of planning and training programs?