Crimea has nothing to do with Ukraine: myth or reality?
Find out 19 historical sketches about the common past of Crimea and mainland Ukraine
Read the original text at krymr.com.
Unable to deny the Ukrainian "ownership" of the peninsula since 1954, followers of the myth about the "Russian Crimea" are ready to go to the bones, to prove that before that date Crimea and Ukraine were at least in different universes and never intersect. With this myth begins the path to the non-recognition of the authorities of Kyiv, the rule of which, according to the Russian version, ended in March 2014.
Actually, there are no specific arguments in this myth, but there is only the thesis. Here is, for example, an interview with the Russian edition of "News" with the popular director Oleg Tabakov that is called: "Oleg Tabakov: Crimea has no relation to Ukraine." Among other things, it can be heard that "Crimea returned to its family," that the Ukrainians must be "wittier," they have to say "forgive us, for Christ's sake," and, of course, Crimea has no relationship to Ukraine.
"In 1996, Ukraine’s Verkhovna Rada refused to admit Russian language to be state one. Even in the New Russia and Crimea, the lands that had no relation that parts of Ukraine, which reunited with Russia in 1654," claims Natalia Narochnitskaya, Russia’s Doctor of History Sciences. Apparently, the membership of the Inter-Council Presence of the Russian Orthodox Church and the work of a trustee "candidate" for the presidency of Vladimir Putin, left a indelible imprint on her professionalism.
In reality, Crimean peninsula is a continuation of South Ukrainian steppes (incidentally, in the Russian jingoistic literature they are referred to as "South Russian"), so it is absurd to think that over the past century, they could have different historical destiny. Since the myth the lack of communication of the Crimea and Ukraine is an ordinary ignorance, then its debunking is enough to brush up on well-known facts. Even if you do not look into the dark ages:
- While in the Middle Ages Crimea, contrary to popular belief, was not a part of Russia, since the 11-13 centuries at the peninsula was permanent Slavic population. It would be difficult to find, whose ancestors were these East Slavic peoples, but the fact is that there were people of Kyiv, Chernigiv, Pereyaslavets, Galicians, and many others.
- Since the end of the 15th century, the link between Crimea and Ukraine have become stable and continuous, although not always pleasurable for both parties. On the one hand, the Ukrainian lands were the scene of military intrusion of Crimeans, and Ukrainian prisoners were sold on the Crimean markets. On the other hand, Ukrainian Cossacks regularly attacked the Crimean coast, and took the prisoners. In the 18th century, the Cossacks in the troops of the Russian Empire once again fought with the Crimeans.
- Contacts and conflicts in the Crimean-Ukrainian border has led to borrowing on the mainland some iconic things today. Such "typical Ukrainian" thing as a "Cossack", "sharovary trousers" and even "maidan", came to us from Crimea.
- In 1624, Khan Janibek Giray together with janissaries came to conquer the throne from Khan Mehmed Giray III, but Zaporizhya arrows were on the side of the latter; they managed to defeat the enemy. In January next year, the first Cossack and Tartar alliance in history was conducted.
- In 1628-1629, Cossacks took part in yet another civil war in Crimea, maintaining its old ally Mehmed III Giray against his enemies. Hetman Doroshenko laid his head in the battle on the river. Alma in 1628, fighting for the union with Crimea.
- Since 1648 to 1654, Crimean Tatars were allies of Bogdan Khmelnytsky, and even their behavior on the battlefield was not always appreciated by the hetman, together they have achieved considerable victories.
- Until 1681, Bakhchsarai Peace Deal, Crimean troops helped Cossacks Hetmans in their struggle for independence from Warsaw and Moscow, and between 1692 and 1734 supported, including military force, the Ukrainian political emigration.
- By the way, Zaporizhya Sich itself in 1711-1734, was in the mouth of the Dnieper River in the territory of the Crimean Khanate.
- We should not forget about the legendary Chumaks, who brought salt from Crimea to Ukraine, as well as other Crimean-Ukrainian trade relations.
- Both early modern political organisms - Hetmanate and the Crimean Khanate - were dissolved in a part of the Russian Empire almost simultaneously: in the 1781-1783 biennium. After that, the inhabitants of Crimea and Ukraine were no longer just neighbors, but became subjects of the state.
- Throughout the existence of a separate Tauride province - more than a hundred years – it included not only the peninsula and the eastern lands of modern Kherson region, resulting in Ukrainian Crimea and the Sea of Azov were single economic organism.
- Since the beginning of the 19th century and until 1944, Ukrainians consistently accounted for the third largest group of the population of Crimea, second only after the Crimean Tatars and Russians.
- Considerable importance in the Crimean-Ukrainian relations played the Black Sea Fleet. The first ships were built by the Ukrainian workers in shipyards of Mykolaiv. Secondly, the Ukrainian recruits replenished staff crews, since the former Cossacks (from 30% in the mid-19th century up to 80% in the First World War).
- In April 1918, Ukrainian troops under the command of Peter Bolbochan knocked out of the Bolsheviks of Crimea, and on April 29 Ukrainian flags were raised on all the ships of the Black Sea Fleet.
- During the Civil War of 1917-1920, the relationship of different Crimean authorities evolved from mainland Ukraine in different ways: from the Union to the conflict, but none of the Ukrainian government did not give up its claims to the peninsula. Negotiations on the inclusion of Crimea in Ukraine were conducted in the autumn of 1918.
- In the first years of Soviet power, this issue was raised repeatedly. According to the agreement on the borders between the RSFSR and the USSR on April 10, 1919 Crimea was part of Russia, but the party line with a July 3, 1920 submitted (not for the first time) Ukraine. Only in 1921, the dispute was finally settled in favor of Moscow. By the way, the newly formed autonomous Crimean SSR also claimed to Genichesk and the mouth of the Dnipro.
- In the twenty years between the wars, Crimea was regularly subsidized by Ukrainian bread: in 1921-1923 and since 1927, exporting to the mainland fruits and wine.
- The link of Crimea with the mainland was so obvious to the German occupation administration, that the peninsula was part of the formal part of the Reich Commissariat Ukraine (though in fact ruled by the military).
- And after 1954, Ukraine’s right for Crimea was confirmed by a variety of international and bilateral agreements, starting with the Soviet Constitution and ending with the UN General Assembly Resolution number 262.
Thus, over the past several centuries between the Crimea and Ukraine have established a variety of strong bonds, which are absolutely impossible to ignore. Although these facts do not give Ukraine any special rights for Crimea (and even "historical rights" claimed by the Kremlin in the absence of normal legal arguments), to deny centuries of steady communication of the peninsula with the mainland - it means to confess in your own ignorance.
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